In this article, we will consider what anabolic builds are and how they work.
Anabolic steroids: what is it?
Anabolic steroids for a set of muscle mass are extremely popular today not only among professional sportsmen, but also amateurs. According to statistics, today in the US 3 amateur bodybuilders out of 4 used steroids once or do it now. Their use takes on the nature of an epidemic, as they promise their fans a quick effect in recruiting muscle mass and losing weight.
In this article, we will consider what anabolic builds are and how they work.
Anabolic steroids were developed in the 1930s as a medicine for the treatment of hypogonadism, a condition of low testosterone in which testicles produce inadequate male sex hormone testosterone, responsible for the growth and development of male sexual characteristics.
The primary purpose of steroids was treatment of problems with puberty, certain types of impotence and the restoration of muscle mass in the treatment of AIDS and cancer.
During the 1930s, in experiments on laboratory rats, scientists discovered that anabolic steroids stimulate muscle growth. This was the beginning of their gradual penetration into bodybuilding, then weightlifting and other sports.
Today, all professional bodybuilding and sports are built solely on the use of steroids and other pharmacological preparations. This is not without sadness in his interview tells one of the most famous straight people.
Facts about anabolic steroids for muscle mass gain
Known facts about anabolic steroids:
first synthesized in the 1930s as a medicine for the treatment of certain diseases;
the first recorded case of use - in 1954 at the World Weightlifting Championships;
steroids are on the list of doping drugs and are banned for use by the International Olympic Committee in 1975;
athletes, including amateurs, take steroids for muscle mass and body drying;
Steroids are widely used by men and women with overweight for weight loss;
The dose of steroids in sports exceeds 10-100 times that used in medicine;
it is almost impossible to synthesize steroids that would cause only the anabolic effect (muscle mass growth) without undesirable androgenic (development of male sexual characteristics);
almost all cells in the body have steroid receptors; this means that when they are used, the effect is on each organ;
the most dangerous side effect of using steroids is the risk of a heart attack.
Recommended: Hormone growth side effects and effects of the application
Anabolic steroids: what is it?
Anabolic steroids are an artificially synthesized analogue of the male sex hormone testosterone.
The full name of steroids is Androgenic Anabolic Steroids. The terms "anabolic", "steroids", "anabolic steroids", "androgenic steroids" and "androgens" mean the same thing.
Testosterone produces a dual effect in the body:
androgenic effect or masculinization: development of male secondary sexual characteristics (eg, facial hair growth);
anabolic effect: increased muscle mass and strength.
For many decades, pharmaceutical companies have tried to develop such analogs of natural testosterone, which would have predominantly anabolic effect (stimulated muscle growth) and reduced or completely eliminated, undesirable androgenic. Steroids were the result of activity.
The best and most expensive steroid available today for muscle mass gain has only an anabolic effect, but most are both anabolic and undesirable androgenic.
Anabolic steroids are chemically derived analogs of the male sex hormone testosterone, which have an increased anabolic effect (muscle growth) and weakened androgenic (masculinization)
What are steroids for? Useful Effects
The reason for the incredible popularity of anabolic steroids today is that they really work.
Professional athletes use steroids to improve athletic performance (endurance, speed, set muscle mass) and to dry the body. In addition, they significantly accelerate the recovery process, reducing the degree of muscle damage during training. This allows you to train more often and with heavier weights, which creates a greater incentive for muscle growth.
Many athletes like the aggressive state, which is accompanied by the use of steroids.
The use of steroids for ordinary mortals of all ages and sexes (adults and adolescents, men and women) is their ability to easily transform (even without the need to exercise) the appearance towards the ideal: to increase muscle mass, to remove fat.
Steroids are really capable of doing miracles ...
But .. it is always important to remember that any miracle always has a price: the price of using steroids is quite serious and numerous side effects.
Types of Anabolic Steroids:
The list of some of the most common steroids includes:
Nandrolone (deca-durabolin or "deca");
Different types of steroids are obtained by a slight structural change in the testosterone molecule, which allows you to control the degree of manifestation of the effect of masculinization and the stimulation of muscle growth, reduce the unpleasant strong odors that accompany the use of steroids, improve digestion, etc. 1.
If we take a testosterone molecule and remove a certain group of 19-methyl atoms from it, we get a substance with a strong anabolic effect of muscle growth stimulation - nandrolone is a very popular form of doping, the effectiveness of which has been confirmed by numerous experiments for muscle growth.
Steroid nadrolone is one of the most powerful steroids in stimulating muscle growth
Further, if we replace another group of atoms (7α-Alkyl) in turn in the nandrolone molecule, we get the substance - stanozolol - with an even stronger anabolic effect in comparison with androgenic and resistant to destruction, which can be taken orally (through the mouth) or by injection.
In addition to this, stanozolol does not give a smell.
All oral 7α-Alkyl steroids (including stanozolol) are toxic to the liver!
Steroid stanozolol has a strong effect of stimulating muscle growth, it can be taken orally, it does not smell, but it is toxic to the liver.
The most dangerous type of anabolic steroids are the so-called designer steroids.
They are synthetic steroids produced illegally, and the use of which can not be detected by the currently existing doping tests.
Designer steroids are made specifically for professional athletes and are not used in medicine.
They are not tested and do not receive a stamp "approved" by the bodies responsible for control in this area, and they pose a particular danger to athletes.
Designer steroids are produced illegally specifically for professional athletes. They can not be detected by doping tests. Represent a particular danger to health, because without passing quality control
Forms of steroids
Athletes and amateurs take steroids orally, rubbing into the skin or by intramuscular injection. The most popular of these is injections.
Oral preparations have a very short period of disintegration, they are taken daily; Injectable steroids are usually administered once a week or two and they are most effective.
Recently, there were also preparations in the form of gels for rubbing into the skin, but very very ineffective, because with their help it is very difficult to deliver the right amount of testosterone into the body.
They are sometimes recommended on a course of steroids for muscle mass (which are injected and pills) in order to ensure a constant intake of testosterone into the body in small doses.
How do steroids work for muscle mass?
The mechanism of action of anabolic steroids for a set of muscle mass is not yet fully understood.
It is well known that taking testosterone leads to an increase in muscle mass 2 due to the stimulation of hypertrophy of type 1 and 2 muscle fibers; while their absolute number does not increase, nor does the relative ratio of the cells of both types change.
(Type 1 muscle fibers are slow, thin, weak, responsible for endurance, type 2 muscle fibers - fast, thick, strong, responsible for strength.)
The mechanism of action of steroids:
1. The number of satellite satellite cells that promote hypertrophy of muscle fibers4 is increasing.
Cells satellites participate directly in the process of muscle growth: they begin to divide in response to physical stress and micro damage. Accordingly, the more of them - the stronger the muscle growth.
2. Steroids stimulate the circulation of growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) 5.
Growth hormone is another powerful hormone responsible for the growth of muscle mass. Along with steroids and insulin, he is a first aid kit for almost every pro.
According to one study, testosterone increases the maximum strength and power of the legs, but does not affect muscle fatigue when performing exercises.
3.Improved oxygen supply to muscles
Testosterone promotes the synthesis of mitochondria and leads to an improvement in the supply of oxygen to the muscles, by increasing the number of red blood cells and stimulating the growth of the capillary network
4. Testosterone / steroids improves the transmission of nerve impulses in muscle tissue 8.
This study was the basis for speculation, the essence of which is that testosterone reduces reaction time, and therefore can be useful in sports requiring quick reaction (sprint, for example) or where a high degree of coordination of eye-hand interaction (baseball, for example) is required. .Obviously, this was done in order to "hook the needle" and representatives of these, not power, sports.
5. The use of steroids affects mood and motivation, which are indirectly related to athletic performance.
Scientific studies confirming the benefits of steroids for muscle mass and weight loss
The use of steroids for muscle mass gain is an indisputable fact, which has numerous scientific confirmations. Let's consider some of them.
In one demonstrative experiment, 9 men on steroids scored from 2 to 5 kg of muscle mass for 10 weeks. In their own senses, muscle power increased by 5-20%.
An interesting and very important fact: in the experiment there was a clear disproportionate increase in muscle mass in the upper body (neck, shoulders, hands). And not because the participants did not train their feet.
This is a very important feature, by which, by the way, you can almost always recognize the athlete on steroids and straight: strong shoulders, powerful arms and a relatively weak bottom (legs). This is because in the muscles of these regions a significantly higher concentration of androgen receptors (steroids).
In this experiment, the fat mass of the participants did not change.
In another experiment, scientists have shown an increase in the rate of synthesis of muscle protein by 27%, and an average increase in muscle mass by 20%
The Harm of Anabolic Steroids
Anabolic steroids are one of the most dangerous types of sports pharmacology with an extensive list of side effects. See our research on steroid damage and the consequences of their use.